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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 146-150

Current trends in temporomandibular disorder management: A prosthodontist's perspective

Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Army Dental Center (Research and Referral), New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Ranjoy Hazra
Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Army Dental Center (Research and Referral), New Delhi - 110 010
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jodd.jodd_8_21

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Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are a collective term that embraces a number of clinical conditions that involve the masticatory musculature and/or temporomandibular (TM) joints and associated musculoskeletal structures. TMDs are one of the most common causes of facial pain after odontogenic origin. The TMDs are of multifactorial etiology and characterized by multiplicity of clinical signs and symptoms, making its diagnosis and management very difficult for the clinician. Diagnostic criteria are used from a clinician standpoint to reach into an exact diagnoses based on a multiaxial diagnostic model. The stress is on a medical multidisciplinary model similar to ones used for other musculoskeletal disorders that involve the patient in the physical and behavioral management of his or her own problem. A majority of TMD patients achieve good relief of symptoms with noninvasive reversible treatment. Detailed knowledge of the disease and its etiopathology is mandatory to formulate an effective treatment plan. The primary objective for the prosthodontist as a member of a TMD team is to regain patient comfort and occlusal stability.

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