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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 139-145

Implant surface modification as a basis of osseointegration: A narrative review


1 Senior Resident, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India
2 Dental Surgeon, ECHS Airforce Sarsawa, Saharanpur, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dental Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Harshika Gautam
King George Medical University, Lucknow - 226 001, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jodd.jodd_13_21

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This paper aims to review different surface modifications of dental implants, both commonly marketed and under experimental studies and their effect on osseointegration. The success of the implant–tissue interface depends on factors such as biocompatibility, chemical, mechanical, surface topography of dental implant, and local environmental factors in peri-implant area. The knowledge and understanding of bone healing physiology have driven investigators to engineer implant surfaces that closely mimic natural bone characteristics. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of surface modifications that beneficially alter the topography, microdesign, and surface chemistry of dental implants to enhance osseointegration.


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