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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 57-60

Orthodontic treatment needs in primary school children of Udhampur, India

1 CMDC (SC), Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Command Military Dental Centre, INHS Sanjivani, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Vineet Sharma
Commandant and Command Dental Advisor (SC), CMDC (SC), PO Wanworie, Pune - 411 040, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jodd.jodd_5_22

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Objective: Early detection of developing malocclusions and its subsequent management with relatively low cost and uncomplicated orthodontic treatment procedures has the potential to minimize future costly and complicated treatment. The present study was aimed to assess the potential for this approach in children having access to orthodontic care at no cost by the government. Methods: Each child was independently assessed by an experienced examiner for multiple components of his or her occlusion, including molar relationship, overbite, overjet, open bite, deep bite, and crossbite. DEFT scores were also noted. Informed consent was obtained and all 738 children of ages 7–11 years present at school on the day of the field study were included. Results: A DEFT score of 1655 (2.24%), potential crowding in 471 (63.82%), retained deciduous teeth in 25 (3.38%), anterior crossbite in 32 (6.79%), and posterior crossbite in 13 (2.76%) was observed. Conclusions: Most of the developing malocclusions identified in this study would be managed with simple, relatively low-cost interceptive orthodontics, consisting of space maintenance, crossbite correction, and arch expansion.

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